What are the components of CNC machine tools
CNC machine tools generally consist of the following parts:
●Host, it is the main body of the CNC machine tool, including the machine body, column, spindle, feeding mechanism and other mechanical parts. It is a mechanical part used to complete various cutting processes.
The numerical control device is the core of the numerical control machine tool, including hardware (printed circuit board, CRT display, key box, paper tape reader, etc.) and corresponding software, which is used to input the digital part program, and complete the storage of input information, data The transformation, interpolation operation and realization of various control functions.
●Drive device, which is the drive part of the CNC machine tool actuator, including spindle drive unit, feed unit, spindle motor and feed motor. It realizes the spindle and feed drive through the electric or electro-hydraulic servo system under the control of the numerical control device. When several feeds are linked, the processing of positioning, straight line, plane curve and space curve can be completed.
●Auxiliary device, some necessary supporting parts of the index control machine tool, to ensure the operation of the CNC machine tool, such as cooling, chip removal, lubrication, lighting, monitoring and so on. It includes hydraulic and pneumatic devices, chip removal devices, exchange tables, CNC turntables and CNC indexing heads, as well as tools and monitoring and testing devices.
●Programming and other auxiliary equipment can be used for programming and storage of parts outside the machine.
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